As generated by man, the development of the atomic bomb gave the first experimental
occasion for the four known force fields to be present in one reaction. These four
fields are the gravitational, the electromagnetic and the two nuclear (the weak and the
strong as they are called).
A classic illustration of equation (1) is with an atomic bomb explosion. (as
illustrated) The singularity of the rapidly high rising column -- like a mushroom
stem -- is very unique. According to classical theory the blast should go out in all
directions. Instead, it keeps a columnar shape to very high altitudes. Outside
this new unified field theory, none of the current theories give a clear explanation of
why this column exists as it does.
Nuclear Explosions Follow Diallel Lines
Fission or Fusion
This new unified field theory provides a mechanism for a very large
number of diallel gravitational-field lines going up from the immediate proximity of the
explosion to form the one column. In the main reaction, the explosion carries matter
and charged particles up these diallel lines within this column. Pushing against the
resistance of the atmosphere it mushrooms out in the well known fashion. This is
like pushing a chewed on tooth pick against a wall -- making it flare out and fold back on
itself. The main column remains tight in contrast to a non-nuclear (TNT type bomb,
for example) where the energy density is not high enough to bring about a focus of the
energy along a column; so it dissipates in all directions. In a TNT blast with
sufficient energy this columnar focusing occurs also.
What is not well known, and is predicted by the above theory, is that if the right
energy density conditions exist, a quantum transition takes place. This has been
observed in some explosions, that after the column has achieved a certain height, the
column collapses inward -- the density increasing as a result of the increased energy.
This behavior is predicted according to this new unified field theory. Heretofore,
this phenomena has been unexplained.
As this macroscopic quantum transition takes place with the increased density, a large
amount of electromagnetic energy is emitted. One can notice the crown of the
mushroom cloud light more intensely immediately after this collapse of the column.
At the moment of the explosion, a nearly equal amount of energy is emitted downward
along the diallel gravitational field lines going to the center of the earth.
Some of the energy will pass through, but a significant portion will be reflected off of
the core and return within about one sixtieth of a second to augment the energy in the
explosion itself. Some of the energy is absorbed -- adding to core heating of the
As the energy builds up in the column, one may often observe at the time the column
collapses, with the increased energy-density, that the column will turn black. This
is like a black hole -- with the energy density being so great that light is
trapped. This causes, to a degree, diallel-line absorption. At the mushroom
crown we have a degree of reflection. Later on, we will see an example of
diallel-line refraction. Often, at the moment of this collapse, one will see light
emitted out the top of the column in the mushroom cloud -- which are photons from these
quantum transitions occurring during the collapse.
There are many who believe that an unusual feature at the time of an equinox is that
one can stand an egg on end and have it remain standing. This is believed by many
people in many lands. The traditional astronomer believes that there is nothing
unique at the periods of the two equinoxes (vernal or autumnal) as to whether an egg has a
greater or lesser probability of being stood on its end. The traditional explanation is
the rough surface may act like a miniature tripod. This new theory explains why one
can stand an egg on its end at any time of the year.
Because of the 23o tilt of the earth's spin axis, we have the significant
event that occurs at the period of the equinoxes. At this period the earth's spin
axis is exactly at right angles with the direction to the sun from the earth. At
this point the diallel gravitational field lines have a nice symmetry for the earth, and
there will be minimal distortion from the vertical for these lines at this period.
This means that free electrons in an egg can travel along these vertical diallel field
lines and be used in the following way -- perhaps with maximum stability during the
equinox period. But the theory predicts that an egg can be stood upright on any day of the
year if there are enough free electrons present and the local diallel gravitational field
lines are not perturbed from the vertical.
If one takes an egg and stands it on end on a flat surface, if carefully placed, it
will remain standing maintained by the free electrons traveling up and down the diallel
lines -- most of them reflecting off of the shell of the egg. With very careful
sensing equipment, this electron flow could be measured, which keeps the egg upright.
There is a slight complication in this experiment because an egg is not exactly
symmetric about its axis. The yoke is typically set off to one side, and with
different densities between the yoke and the white, or clear portion, this will typically
lead to some natural imbalance. Also, an egg as it ages will have the white pull
away from the wall at the end of the egg. You may have seen this in a boiled
egg. A fresh egg will be fully filled.
The reason the egg is stabilized in the vertical is from the principle of least action
(Fermat's Principle). The electrons flow freely up and down the diallel lines in the
egg -- reflecting off of the walls of the egg as a natural boundary. The longest
direction for the diallel lines, and hence the lowest frequency (lowest energy condition),
for the electrons' oscillations up and down these diallel lines is when the egg is
vertical. (See the figure)
There will be a very weak RF field emitted by the egg as a result of this
oscillation. This frequency will increase when it is laying on its side -- the
length to the width dimension of an egg being roughly 5:4. Such a measurement would
provide a direct test of the model for this new theory and of the presence of these
gravitational diallel field lines.
The first author, working out of his home, made a significant effort to conduct this
experiment scientifically -- using a large variety of chicken eggs: fresh, not fresh,
cooked, not cooked, fertilized and unfertilized. With fine emery paper the ends of
some of them were polished to be as round as they reasonably could. A perturbing
environment was selected so that the active servo to keep the egg standing could be
studied. A variety of times both day and night were used to consider all phases of
the sun and the moon. The experiment was started 23 September 1999 in conjunction
with the vernal equinox with the intent to carry the experiment through a full quarter --
to the winter solstice. An extensive set of notes are available on the web site [www.allanstime.com] around these experiences.
The following is a summary of the major findings.
The perturbation study was fascinating. A section of kitchen counter over a
dishwasher was chosen because of its vibration during the wash cycle and because of the
dishwasher door being opened and closed along with a fair amount of bumping of the counter
as people used the kitchen sink adjacent to the dishwasher. Also, significant Fall
breezes came through the kitchen and across the standing eggs from time to time.
Some of any of the above listed categories of eggs could be made to stand. Fertilized,
fresh eggs seemed to be somewhat easier both to get standing and to remain so.
Smoothly rounding the end on which the egg stood had little significance. If
the egg were rough on the end, this could work against you or for you. The greatest
variation was from egg to egg. If an egg wee easy to stand on end -- like within
seconds -- then it would tend to be that way over a long period of time. If an egg
were difficult to stand, it would continue to be so, and would tend to topple more easily
due to perturbations. Some eggs that could not be made to stand at times could be made to
at other times and then sometimes easily. Others could never be made to stand.
It was not uncommon to see an egg go through a small set of damped oscillations as it
would find its point of maximum stability. Most of the time the eggs would have a
slight lean to them due to the imbalanced yoke situation mentioned above. It was
often the case that an egg could be made to stand more readily in a particular
orientation. Once that orientation was found and marked, should the egg be tipped
over, it could be made to stand up quite quickly in its preferred orientation.
Often, breezes would come through the kitchen and not topple the eggs. On one
occasion, a strong breeze tipped over two of four. On another occasion, with two
standing, a very strong breeze came through -- blowing the paper towel up in the air that
had been placed close by to keep the eggs from rolling on the floor should they tip
over. The one nearest the sink blew over in the direction of the wind. About a
second later, the other fell over into the wind as if it had developed a torque to
compensate for the wind and then the wind let up. Apparently, the response in its
internal servo did not have sufficient bandwidth to accommodate this quick change.
Eggs could never be made to stand on top of a piano. All different kinds were
tried as well as a variety of phases of the moon and sun. Apparently, the
"PIANO WIRES" both interact with and perturb the local diallel gravitational
field lines. The wires will conduct electrons from end to end -- much like an egg -- and
set up tiny RF fields which could either attract or repel that of the egg.
Some eggs could not be made to stand at certain times, while some hours later they
could quite easily be made to stand. There seemed to be preferred times of the day and
night when it was easier to stand the eggs. It seemed to correlate with the phase of
the moon and sun -- alignments typically giving the best probability.
Usually, once an egg is made to stand, it will remain for a long time. One
fertilized egg(brown with a large tilt to it) remained standing for more than five weeks
until it was hit by a falling cup. There was some indication that the servo
stability improved with time, but if so, only so slightly. One egg, which stood
readily, came to a point where it could not be made to stand at all.
When a nuclear explosion occurs, large amounts of energy (both particle and
electromagnetic) are emitted up and down along the diallel gravitational field
lines. We observe the upward energy in the stem of the mushroom cloud, which is
formed. A significant portion of the energy going down is reflected off of the core
of the earth, and within a fraction of a second it augments the energy already in the
diallel gravitational field line column -- helping to form the stem of the mushroom
cloud. This could well augment the energy density increase causing the stem to
collapse inward on itself -- like a black hole. At this point in the process, the
stem often turns black -- emitting no light as it is trapped like in a black hole.
In principle, special sensors configured underneath an explosion, could sense this
enormous energy and particle fields emitted downward, but probably nothing could be built,
in practice, to withstand the intensity. Since some of the energy follows the
diallel field lines to the other side of the earth, sensing equipment could pick these up,
but it still would be quite intense.
The columns emitted upward in the Pacific Ocean for the two thermo-nuclear explosions
(nuclear fusion) named Mike and Bravo had some very important features worthy of noting in
support of the current theory. (See the figure) These were set off in 1952 and 1954
respectively, and they were the largest explosions ever set off by the USA -- 10.4
Megatons and 15 Megatons, respectively, equivalent of TNT. Either of these
explosions were greater than the accumulated size of all previous nuclear explosions and
including all the bombs exploded in all the wars in the history of the earth.
The island in the Atolls where Mike was set off no longer exists and 14 pentagon
buildings could be placed in the crater it created. In both cases, the head of the
mushroom cloud -- pushing against the atmosphere -- dispersed outward basically at the
high altitude limit for the atmosphere to carry the particulates associated with this
gigantic explosion. Then, the columns penetrated the mushroom clouds, which were at
altitudes of about 55,000 feet (17 km), and continued on out into space tightly coupled
along the diallel gravitational field lines. The distance observed for continuation
of the column on Bravo was to 130,000 feet (40 km) -- extending far into the
stratosphere. One will note that the column extends to a height above the bottom of
the cloud greater than this distance from the earth up to the cloud.
At the same time, a nearly equivalent amount of energy was fed downward to the core of
the earth. This, along with all of the other atomic bomb testing by the USA as well
as by all other nations across the earth, has caused a significant amount of core heating
and may be the primary reason for the rising of earth temperatures and ocean heating --
having thrown it out of ecological balance. It is as if the earth has a slight
In 1960, the former Soviet Union set off a 50 Mega-ton hydrogen bomb blast above the
atmosphere -- causing no fall out, but an enormous energy impact. This bomb, alone,
produced more energy than the accumulated effect of all other bombs ever set off before
There is a mechanism within this new theory which would also explain why the ozone
layer could be thinning as a result of this imbalance and the increased energy flow out of
the poles of the earth.
As there are anti-particles, so also are there anti-diallel gravitational field
lines. Creating these would counter the effects of gravity. Hence, in
principle, one could build a machine with zero gravitational field in proximity.
As we learn how to focus, generate and control these diallel gravitational field lines,
then great utilization can be made of this knowledge. Later, we will give an example
of how diallel gravitational field lines are focused. This will be given in the discussion
of "blue jets and red sprites." Earlier, we discussed how these diallel
lines can be absorbed and reflected to a degree.
Tesla had the idea to use the round trip time of a radio frequency, RF wave, pumped
into the earth. He apparently understood that this RF wave would follow along a
diameter of the earth, and that he could use the earth's shell (along the diameter at
which he was located) as a resonator. This RF wave would reflect off of the other
side of the earth and come back to the region of transmission, at which point, he would
pump the signal with an additional burst of RF. Like a child on a swing -- pumping
up -- every 1/30 of a second (the round trip time for his RF signal back and forth through
the earth) he would pulse the earth again to build up the energy level.
He built a big radio tower for this purpose, and soon almost everything in the town of
Colorado Springs was electrified. He still holds the record for the longest man made
lightning bolt of 135 feet. He kept pulsing the earth until the generator at the
power station caught on fire. This shut him down and turned off the lights for the
residents of Colorado Springs!
From classical physics, one may ask, "If the earth is a conducting sphere, why
don't the radio waves disperse in all directions according to the multimode conditions of
a conducting sphere? Why do the signals move inside the earth preferentially along a
diameter?" In the new theory the photons, like electrons, tend to follow
diallel lines -- hence, the efficiency of Tesla's RF pumping scheme. This is nicely
consistent with this new unified field theory.
As the body goes up and down, the free electrons tend toward the body's extremities
(head and feet), as they interact with the vertical diallel gravitational field
lines. As a result, the electron charge build-up causes the hair to stand on end --
due to electrostatic repulsion.
There are those in the health-improvement community that believe the body's lymphatic
system is significantly enhanced in dealing with the body's poisons, by jumping on a
rebounder. The current theory may give some additional reasons for this as the
electrons in the lymphatic system may be energized by up and down movement of the body
along the diallel lines.
In the body, ionized hydrogen atoms, the quantity of which determine the pH level, play
a major role in molecular physiology, such as in determining the healthy replication of
DNA molecules. There is now significant evidence that the healthy (non-carcinogenic)
reproduction of DNA molecules has a dependence on the pH level. Simplistically, this
kind of exercise, along with a plant- based diet, helps move the pH basic and can reduce
the probability of cancer by 80\%.
At the membrane level, these protons are principal in the healthy function of the
body's electrical system. Because health enhancement has been appreciated by those
regularly jumping on rebounders, the current theory may give some explanations as to why
this is so. Certainly, much more study is needed in this area to understand the
mechanisms for the benefits observed.
As with the earth, so with people, balance is very important and too many electrons and
high levels of electrical interference can create health problems. It seems that too
much of anything is never the best solution. The earth needs to be in balance as do
we in body, mind and spirit.
For illustrative purposes, imagine two semicircles with the diameters together and with
the current circulating in opposite directions in each of the two. Thus, the current would
flow in the same direction along the conducting diameter. If the electrons could be
made to bind to the diallel lines, then they would be spaced in bundles associated with
each line along the diameter - - the diameter being at right angles to these lines.
Bound by the quantum forces, these bundles of electrons would move with the diallel
lines. The return current in each of the semicircles would be moving rapidly across
the diallel lines if, for example, the diameter is crossing the diallel lines as in a
If an oscillator could be designed to both sense these pulses and to balance their
movement in order to overcome the resistance in the semicircle loops, then this
oscillator's frequency would be locked to the frequency of passage of the diallel
lines. This would be like a space odometer. If this oscillator could be locked
with no slips, this could, in principle, precisely map the number of the diallel lines.
Against a good reference-frequency standard, this could yield very precise information
about the mass density of the earth as the density of these lines changes with the mass
density from which they originate. This could allow fine detailed measurements of
changes in these diallel lines due to sub-earth surface activities -- volcanic, and
otherwise. This may also allow a greatly improved estimate of the higher-order
moments of the earth's gravitational field. Mapping super-earth changes in diallel
lines could result from energy- density changes due to weather storm systems or other
On the surface of the earth, a highly precise diallel odometer could be compared with
an accurate distance device -- noting changes on an arc along the face of the earth.
Studies along an earthquake fault may allow the monitoring of stress build up and earth
quake prediction. The latter is not able to be done with any level of confidence at
If the diameters in this electron wheel were a plate, orthogonal to the diallel lines,
with sensors for counting the pulses at the edge of the plate, this would increase the
efficiency and the information. The counter-rotating loops are necessary to add to
zero the EMF contributed by local DC magnetic fields, and these fields need to be
nominally homogeneous for adequate cancellation of their force effects on the
electrons. These loops should probably be made as small as possible to minimize
their cross-sectional area. In a sophisticated system, the local magnetic fields could be
sensed, and the two loops adjusted to obtain complete cancellation of magnetic field
forces on the electrons.
At GPS orbits, the estimated frequency of the local oscillator would be about 200
MHz. This seems to be a very do-able experiment. It could be done in the space
Since the diallel field line spacing can be influenced by the energy fields coming from
any of all the sources, this instrument would be very sensitive to those changes.
This proposed instrument would be very useful in designing an anti-gravity machine --
providing a measurement of one's ability to control and utilize the diallel gravitational
In the above, we have assumed that the spacing of the diallel field lines at the
surface of the earth is about 10 micrometers. The first author's experience with
standing numerous eggs is consistent with this value as one observes the locking range of
the egg's built-in servo for causing it to stand on end.
Quoting from the book Solar System Astrophysics by Brandt and Hodge (p406),
"The displays of Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis have excited the imagination of
men for many years. Considerable observational and theoretical effort has been
devoted to the solution of the auroral problem, but essential understanding is yet to
come." Though this book is copyright 1964, and much has been learned since
then, still this field of research has many mysteries and unexplained phenomena.
The Aurora Borealis is a good example of atmospheric conditions being in the correct
alignment to see radiation in the visible from the high-energy electrons following diallel
lines and causing atmospheric molecules to move to an excited energy state -- after which
they emit in the visible, which we see.
The center of the velocity distribution of electrons from the sun is about 1.2 Mm/s
(2.7 million MPH or about 0.4 percent of the velocity of light). Capturing this much
energy in the form of an excited electron decaying and radiating a photon yields a photon
with a frequency of about 1 X 1015 Hz. This is in the near ultraviolet
region of the spectrum. The width of the velocity distribution would produce
transitions both in the optical and further into the ultraviolet.
This new unified field theory would predict a congruent set of spectral lines in the
ultra violet corresponding to each of the lines in the visible because of the allowed
quantum states of these spiraling electrons. This congruency occurs symmetrically on
either side of approximately the above UV frequency for the following reasons. As
the electrons come into the North Pole of the earth, the spiraling direction caused by the
magnetic field and the diallel gravitational field lines are both clockwise with, of
course, the gravitational force vector being downward. This moves the electrons into
a higher set of quantum states than after the electron is reflected back up. As the
electron is slowed down in the converging magnetic field lines it radiates in a set of
lines in the UV region of the spectrum. When these electrons are reflected -- going
away from the earth -- this moves the electrons into a lower set of quantum states, which
causes the electrons as they undergo transitions with their acceleration in the magnetic
field to radiate in the visible, which is what we see. These UV photons could be measured
with special spectral analysis equipment and have been observed on Saturn with a UV camera
on the Hubble telescope.
This new theory also explains why the aurora are much stronger in the Northern
Hemisphere than in the Southern. Since the spin direction of an electron coming into
the North magnetic pole along a magnetic field line is clockwise and is complemented by
the spin direction due to the diallel gravitational field lines, there is an augmentation
in the Northern Hemisphere of the earth for those higher-energy electrons reaching the
earth and being conducted through the center. On the other hand, there is some
cancellation in the Southern Hemisphere. That is, the electron's spin is
counter-clockwise coming into the south magnetic pole, while they want to spin clockwise
due to the diallel gravitational field lines. This then results in a resistance at
the south magnetic pole. The net is a flow of electrons from the North to the South
Poles of the earth. This then sustains the magnetic field of the earth. Since most
of the interaction of the diallel lines and the magnetic field lines occur near the poles,
this has negligible effect on humanity.
One can simulate the Aurora Borealis by simulating the North Pole with a magnetic field
-- divergent in nature as at the North Pole -- going through a container of liquid
nitrogen and the vapor that forms above it. This vapor acts like the atmosphere for
the northern lights to reflect off of as we see the visible variable lines as they play
across the sky.
Aurora Borealis Simulation
for the Earth
Emitting electrons from above the container at the right velocity
downward toward the liquid nitrogen, which will then follow diallel gravitational field
lines' as well as the convergent magnetic field lines, will bring about the
simulation. These electrons will spiral clockwise as they interact with the magnetic
field and with the diallel gravitational field quantum states.
As the electrons lose momentum -- being decelerated by the convergent magnetic field --
they will undergo quantum transitions in the UV region of the spectrum. As they are
reflected back up the magnetic field lines, they will undergo transitions in a congruent
set of quantum states in the visible region of the spectrum -- giving rise to the radiated
colors observed in Aurora Borealis.
The right velocity for the electron emission will be dependent on the convergence and
the strength of the magnetic field chosen for the experiment. Since such a simulation will
be a microscopic simulation of the North Magnetic Pole, some calculations will help to
determine a proper range for this electron emission velocity.
This relatively new area of research provides a fascinating confirmation and model for
this new unified field theory. Blue jets, red sprites and Elfs are prone to occur
above high-intensity thunder storms. (see the 1994 artist's drawing)
A burst of electrons is emitted from a high-energy field in a
thunderstorm and spews off into space following definite lines. It achieves heights
approaching 80 km in less than a second. Velocities of Mach 300 have been
measured. The blue jets occur first above the clouds and are not always
observed. Above the blue jets, toward the top of the burst, the red sprites, as they
have come to be called, are formed. The elfs are doughnut rings of electromagnetic
radiation going out horizontally, but above the storm system, at the time of the burst.
From the new theory, we understand that the energy-density field in the highly
energetic storm system acts a little bit like a lens for the diallel gravitational field
lines. This is like a ray of light hitting a lens; the light is refracted and bent
according to the principle of least action. This principle, as has been demonstrated
for standing eggs, works for diallel lines as well causing them to be bent at boundaries
where there are changes in the energy-density field.
The attached image shows a spectacular and classic example of this lensing effect as
the blue jets focus electrons along the diallel gravitational field lines of this
cone-shaped burst of energy -- mimicking an optical lens to some degree. There is a
very high energy build-up in the thundercloud storm system where these blue jets
originate. As these electrons burst off into space along diallel lines which have
been focused by this energy-density field lens, electromagnetic energy is emitted at right
angels (called elfs) -- forming an outward going doughnut. These photons will likely
be polarized as they come from a quantum emission from this energy-density lens.
These elfs are somewhat like the lateral energy release at the time of a nuclear
explosion. In fact, the elfs, blue jets and red sprites are like a miniature nuclear
explosion, but in a different part of the spectrum as to emissions and colors -- different
set of quantum states for the diallel field lines as a result of the much lower energy
The velocity and focused energy of the electrons is such that they emit in the
blue. As this blue photon energy is bled off of this cone, when the cone gets small
enough the system transitions to a lower quantum state -- setting up a new energy-density
lens at the top of the blue cone. This in turn brings about a focusing of other free
electrons which have also been emitted from this thunder-storm cloud's energy
release. All of these then combine to form a new red cone emitting in the red part
of the spectrum at a lower energy level. The new theory predicts the possibility of
another transition at the top of the "Red Sprite," which cause the electrons to
emit photons in the infrared, which haven't been photographed to date -- not anticipating
According to equation (1) above the flow of electrons from the sun to the planets will
be a function of energy density presented by the planets to the sun. The sun is the
source, the planets the sink for this electron flow. When in balance, this electron flow
is like food to the earth -- bringing about the balance of nature most desirable for life.
At the core of the sun is a sustained nuclear fusion process, which is influenced by
the electron flow. As the electron flow increases, the energy released in
thermo-nuclear fusion increases, and some of this energy propagates readily along the
diallel gravitational field lines of the sun to its surface -- triggering the sunspot
activity where nuclear fission and numerous other molecular and chemical processes take
place. These processes also contribute directly to electron emission from the
sun. The ionosphere of the earth, for example, is impacted directly by the solar
activity at the surface of the sun.
The conductance to electrons presented by the planets mainly draws electrons from the
sun along its magnetic spin axis, but also accepts electron emitted by the sun's
surface. This is because the flow is a direct function of the energy-density per
equation (1), and hence where there is the highest concentration of diallel field lines
for this conductance.
Both the magnetic field of a planet as well as its energy density at the core will be
key contributors to the conductance presented. Since the direction of spiraling for
the electrons is the same for the diallel gravitational field lines as for the north
magnetic field lines, the presentation of the north magnetic pole causes a greater
attraction of electrons than the presentation of the south magnetic pole to the sun.
Hence, the seasons of the planets are important to this electron flow, as are the spin
tilt axes, as well as their position in their inclined orbital plane. A highly
non-linear situation exists here because the flow of electrons directly affects the
magnetic field while the magnetic field affects the attraction of electrons from the
sun. In addition, the electron flow through a planet affects the fission process at
the center for those that have this process taking place.
The solar magnetic field has reversed direction about every 11 years -- nominally
synchronous with the sunspot cycle. So the north magnetic pole of the sun has
repeated about every 22 years -- at least in the recent recorded past. The period of
22 years is by no means precise, and solar maxima have not been well predicted to much
better than about a year out of the 11 year half cycle (a solar maximum occurs once per
half cycle). Barnes, in fact, has shown that the solar activity can be well modeled
as narrow-band filtered noise, which is completely consistent with this new unified field
theory. [ref Dr. James A. Barnes] In other words, the peaks and valleys of the solar cycle
vary greatly in magnitude and duration from cycle to cycle as they depend on the position
and tilt of each planet and its conductance presented for this electron flow.
Given the significant amount of variability, this new theory provides a plausible
driving mechanism for the reversal of the magnetic poles of the sun as well as for
the magnitude and duration of the solar activity level. Furthermore, it can lead to much
better predictability of not only the solar maxima, but also of their duration and
magnitude. In addition, this theory gives rise for a mechanism for the magnetic
field of the planets to change and reverse.
The explanation is as follows: the position of the planets in the solar system with
respect to each other and with respect to the sun determine the flow of electrons along
the diallel lines. It is like having paths of conductivity and resistivity for the
solar emissions as the planets move with respect to the spin axis of the sun. Here,
we have to account for both the tilt angle of the planets as well as their orbital planes
as we look at conductivity and resistivity for emission electron paths. The sun is
the source, the planets are the sinks and their parallel augmentation directly affects the
effective conductivity -- hence the flow (quantity) of electrons.
As an illustrative example, the periods of the planets and their harmonic relationship
to the period of the solar sunspot cycle are shown in the following table.
Planets' Periods and Ratio to Solar Magnetic Cycle
|Harmonic Relationship between Planets' Periods
and Solar Magnetic Cycle
In general terms, we see these integer harmonic relationships between
the main planet periods and the solar magnetic period of 22 years. The inference is
that 22 years is in a harmonic relationship with the periods of the planets. According to
our new unified field theory the electron flow in the solar system along diallel
gravitational field lines will be impacted directly by these harmonic relationships as the
planets increase and decrease their susceptibility to electrons from the sun -- since it
is the source. This will then cause a repeat in the direction of electron flow
through the center of the sun with a 22 year period. The planets being nominally out
of phase on the 11 year half cycle will induce a reversal of the magnetic field.
All of the gas-giant planets plus the earth have significant magnetic fields. Aurora
have been observed on Jupiter and Saturn. These magnetic fields increase the
electron receptivity of these planets, and they are principal in their harmonic
relationships with the solar magnetic cycle. Here the A2
term in equation (1) becomes very important as we consider energy flow (electrons
especially) along parallel diallel gravitational-field lines as a pair of planets with
significant magnetic fields comes into alignment with the sun.
Using the software developed by William Riley for characterizing the performance of the
clocks used in the Global Positioning System (GPS), all of the recorded sunspot activity
data were analyzed to look for planetary resonances (see the "FREQUENCY
STABILITY" of "totalssn.txt" figure). As one looks at the plot, one sees
peaks and valleys for sigma -- the frequency stability. Sigma minimum values
(valleys) can occur when J (tau) is equal to the
period (1/frequency) of a periodic phenomena that is present in the data. The first major
minimum corresponds to 10 times the orbit period of the Earth, 5 times the orbit period of
Mars, and to the orbit period of Jupiter. The second minimum corresponds to the 22
year period of the sunspot cycle. The third minimum corresponds to the orbit period
of Saturn. The J values are not long enough to
detect the orbit periods of Uranus and Neptune. If one studies the stability data in
detail, very slight minima occur at the orbit period J
values for the Earth and Mercury.
Since the periods, Ji, of the
planets are well known, one can form the following equation as a model for the magnetic
field conductance for the ith planet:
Ci = Ai cos(2Bt/Ti + Bi) *
*" B" should read
All the planets except Mercury, Venus and Pluto seemed to have significant magnetic
coefficients. According to equation (1) the value of Bi should
correspond with north-magnetic pole solstice for a planet, in other words, when the
north-magnetic pole is facing the sun to the greatest extent. This was tested for
the Earth, Jupiter and Saturn and the average agreed to about 1 percent of a cycle with a
standard deviation of 15 percent. Like the sun, the data give evidence that the
magnetic poles of Jupiter and Saturn are also changing. It appears that Saturn's
field has changed this century and Jupiter's is changing slowly. Currently, the
magnetic field direction for Jupiter and Saturn are opposite that of the Earth, and
Jupiter's is slowly increasing.
Because of the highly non-linear nature of the conductance causing the electron flow
from the sun, frequency differences are also present in the data. It seems that the
principle term in the sunspot cycle is due to the difference (or beat) frequency between
the changing magnetic field of Jupiter and Jupiter's orbit frequency.
Again according to equation(1), the parallel portion given by the equation shows itself
in a fundamental way as a pair of planets line up with the sun. This occurs frequently and
adds significantly to the electron flow from the sun and hence in the model for the
sunspot activity. For example, the big sunspot peak around 1960 corresponds almost
exactly with the alignment of Jupiter and Neptune. Since Jupiter's magnetic field
appears to be increasing, which is consistent with the two sets of Voyager data, the
magnetic field of Neptune must be decreasing -- to explain the sunspot data observed.
A model was developed using the planetary data as an estimate of the driving mechanism
for the sunspot data. The actual and the model of the sunspot data are shown in the
figure for this century. The model is projected through the year 2,000. (See the
There has been a lot of discussion about the coming nominal alignment of the planets,
which reaches its best alignment about 3 May 2000. The last time such an alignment
occurred is estimated to have been 6,000 years ago. This is misleading and not
correct. Classical gravitational theory predicts a small and relatively
insignificant impact on earth tides and weather patterns from this alignment. The
figure shows the relative position of the planets during this early May 2000 alignment.
From this new unified field theory, the principal issue is the alignment of Jupiter and
Saturn, which actually occurs about 13 June 2000. Numerous similar alignments have
taken place during this century. That Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are in somewhat
close alignment is not of great significance, because equation(1) requires them to much
closer than they will be at this time. The parallel part of equation(1) tells us
that the closer the alignment the more significant is the effect on the energy-density.
However, as one can see from the general model, this new theory does predict the
sunspot activity to continue increasing throughout the year 2000. The resulting
excess electron flow along with the extra core heating of the Earth due to the accumulated
effects of all the nuclear bomb testing activity integrated since the 1940s and onward
give rise to excess earth-core heating and with some thinning of the earth's crust --
causing an increase in the probability of earth quakes, and increased weather
activity. During this time the Aurora Borealis for the earth could become very
large. This could also be true for Jupiter and Saturn.
Fortunately, the Earth will be on the opposite side of the sun from the other aligned
planets. The principle conductivity path will then be away from us and toward the planets
on the other side of the sun. If the earth were in that path, it would be party to
this heavy electron flow. Then things could be much more intense. But
being on the opposite side gives to us the secondary effect of a maximum build up of the
sunspot activity. This will also significantly impact our ionosphere, which
secondarily could affect communications and space probes.
John Anderson and colleagues of NASA JPL, experts in the determination of space-craft
position, have published discrepancies observed in the locations of Pioneer I, Pioneer II
and of the Ulysses solar probe. To date the discrepancies in the data cannot be
fully explained. They have raised the question as to whether there is a fundamental
problem in our understanding of gravity or time. The space vehicles exhibit a pull
toward the sun greater than current theory would predict.
Equation (1) explains why additional "tug" toward the sun occurs. Each
of the vehicles has an RTG plutonium-powered nuclear reactor for the generation of local
power. This increases significantly the energy-density for the vehicle and causes a
focusing of gravitational diallel field lines from the sun -- resulting in an extra
gravitational pull. The effect is small, but measurable.
An experiment could be conducted on the earth to validate this hypothesis. One of these
RTGs could be placed on a sensitive balance scale. According to this new theory, its
weight will be slightly greater when turned on than when off. Perhaps an even
simpler experiment could be conducted by taking a high energy transformer and placing it
on a sensitive balance with an appropriate load to pull the energy through the
transformer. When the transformer is fed power, it should weigh slightly more than
One could also see this effect in proximity of electric-power stations. The
diallel gravitational field lines will again be distorted slightly because of the high
energy density in the very large transformers associated with these stations. If one
could place a plumb-bob at various positions over the top of one of these power stations,
perturbations in local verticals would be observed.
An additional experiment would be to place a pendulum over one of these stations.
Its period could be measured with a laser and a corner reflector on the bob. The
pendulum would tend to speed up slightly in the presence of the increased density of the
diallel field lines immediately over the transformer substation. It would also tend
to swing asymmetrically when located away from the center of the substation and far enough
away to not be disturbed by it.