Eutectic Salt for Solar Home Heat Storage
On Jan. 18, 2008, David Allan wrote:
Dr. Maria Telkas, U of Delaware, proved that Glauber's Salt technology was sound and economical some 30 years ago. She had a couple of patents in that regard. She built a home based on same at the U. of Delaware, and it was a nice practical validation. This technology could have a major impact on how we deal with energy, but no one has picked it up. Some have tried, but they didn't follow her patent guidelines, and they failed. They make it in Europe successfully.
PCM is about the only retailer I have found in the states, but I have not researched it recently. I bought some from them for our rental addition that is described on our web site, and the shipping costs from Sweden were like $400!
In Europe it is cost effective, but not here yet because we have been able to get energy so cheap. That will change.
Thermal storage is a fundamental problem in solar designs and phase change materials make tremendous logical sense when you go through the numbers. For example, stone, brick and the like have about 0.2 cal./gram/deg C heat capacity. The different mixtures of Glauber's salts, for example, have about 50 to 80 cal./gram during the phase change. Water is 1 cal./gram/deg C. So if you cycle brick, for example, through about 5 degree Celsius change, you only have 1 cal./gram. In this case you have an advantage of 50 to 80 times the thermal storage with Glauber's salts as you do with brick.
As described on our web site, I can heat the north side of our home (passively) with these salts. Because of Dr. Telka's patented techniques, the salts cycle indefinitely. I have had mine for about 20 years.
My salt tubes are about 2 1/2 inches in diameter and 36 inches long and are black-heavy PVC -- sealed with caps on the ends. They work well. As you can see on our web site, I have them on the South side so that the winter sun gives them good exposure -- melting them during the day time, so that they will give off 90 degree F heat at night. If you had them in a circulating water bath, that would probably work as well.
On March 11, 2008, David Allan wrote:
The salts that I have melt at 90 degrees F and have a heat capacity of about 80 calories per gram.
On October 05, 2010, David Allan wrote:
On June 25, 2012, Kannazuki Shimura wrote:
"If you are in the
U.S., they are sold by PCM
Products, if you are in Europe, just ask around or you can buy a heat
storage/exchange system that already uses them.
Page posted January 18, 2008 by Sterling